How To Knit A Waterfall Cardigan?

To knit a waterfall cardigan, you can follow these general steps:

  1. Choose a pattern: There are many patterns available online, such as the dramatic lace waterfall cardigan1, the cozy garter stitch and lace pattern cardigan2, the easy-to-knit waterfall cardigan3, or the pale blue alpaca and wool blend yarn cardigan4. Choose a pattern that suits your skill level and preferences.
  2. Choose your yarn: The pattern you choose will typically recommend a specific type of yarn and the amount you will need. Make sure to choose a yarn that is appropriate for the pattern and that you like the look and feel of.
  3. Gather your supplies: In addition to yarn, you will need knitting needles, stitch markers, and a tapestry needle for weaving in ends.
  4. Cast on: Follow the pattern instructions to cast on the required number of stitches.
  5. Knit the body: Depending on the pattern, you may knit the body of the cardigan as a rectangle end to end, or you may knit it in two separate pieces that are seamed together later. Follow the pattern instructions to knit the body of the cardigan.
  6. Add sleeves: Depending on the pattern, you may add sleeves by picking up stitches along the armhole edges and knitting in the round, or you may knit the sleeves separately and seam them to the body. Follow the pattern instructions to add sleeves.
  7. Finish: Once you have completed the knitting, follow the pattern instructions to finish the cardigan. This may include seaming the sleeves and sides, adding a collar or edging, and weaving in ends.
How To Knit A Waterfall Cardigan?

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Materials Needed

To knit a waterfall cardigan, you will need several materials:


First and foremost, you will need yarn to create your cardigan. When choosing yarn, pay attention to the fiber content, weight, and color. Different fibers have varying characteristics, so select one that suits your preferences and the desired outcome of your project. Keep in mind that softer yarns, such as merino wool or cotton blends, are often more comfortable to wear.


Next, you will need knitting needles. The type and size of needles you choose will depend on your yarn and personal knitting style. Straight needles, circular needles, or double-pointed needles can be used, depending on the pattern and your individual preference. Make sure to select a size that matches the gauge specified in your pattern.


Scissors are essential for cutting yarn and trimming loose ends. Choose a pair that is sharp and comfortable to hold, allowing for smooth and precise cutting.

Tape Measure

A tape measure will be your best friend during the knitting process. It is crucial for measuring your gauge, as well as taking body measurements to ensure the perfect fit of your cardigan.

Stitch Markers

Stitch markers are small rings or clips that help you keep track of specific stitches or stitch sections, making it easier to follow the pattern.

Choosing the Right Yarn

When knitting a waterfall cardigan, selecting the right yarn is crucial for the overall look and feel of the finished garment.

Fiber content

The fiber content of the yarn determines its characteristics, such as softness, warmth, and drape. Common fiber choices for cardigans include wool, cotton, acrylic, alpaca, or a blend of these materials. Consider the season and climate when choosing your yarn, as well as any specific preferences you may have.


Yarn weight refers to the thickness of the yarn. For a waterfall cardigan, you will typically want to choose a yarn with a medium weight, such as DK (double knitting) or worsted weight. However, you can explore different weights depending on the desired drape and thickness of your cardigan.


Selecting the right color for your cardigan is entirely up to your personal taste and style. You can opt for a solid color for a classic look or play with variegated or self-striping yarns to add interest to your garment. Consider how the color will complement your wardrobe and whether it matches the occasion for which you plan to wear the cardigan.

Selecting the Appropriate Needles

The type of knitting needles you choose will depend on both your personal preference and the pattern you are following. You have a few options to consider:

Straight needles

Straight needles are the most traditional choice for knitting. They consist of two straight, pointed needles, each with a stopper at one end. Straight needles are ideal for knitting flat pieces, such as the back and front panels of your waterfall cardigan.

Circular needles

Circular needles are long, flexible needles connected by a cable. They allow you to easily knit both flat and in the round. Circular needles are great for working the body of the cardigan seamlessly since they can accommodate a large number of stitches. They are also useful for knitting the sleeves and the neckband.

Double-pointed needles

Double-pointed needles (DPNs) consist of a set of four or five short, pointed needles. They are primarily used for knitting small circumference items like sleeves or socks. If your cardigan pattern has a section that requires knitting in the round with fewer stitches, DPNs may be necessary.

Gauge Swatch

Before diving into the main body of your waterfall cardigan, it is crucial to knit a gauge swatch. This small sample of knitting allows you to determine the number of stitches and rows per inch and ensures your garment will fit properly.

Importance of gauge swatch

The gauge swatch is essential because everyone knits with different tension, even when following the pattern’s recommended needle size. By knitting a swatch and measuring your stitches and rows, you can adjust your knitting style or needle size accordingly to achieve the proper gauge. This step is crucial for ensuring your cardigan will fit as intended.

Knitting the swatch

To knit the gauge swatch, follow the pattern’s instructions for the stitch pattern and needle size. Cast on enough stitches to create a square or rectangle that measures around 4×4 inches. Knit in the specified pattern for a few inches, maintaining a relaxed tension. It is vital to keep the swatch free from excessive tension to obtain an accurate gauge measurement.

Measuring gauge

Once your swatch is complete, lay it flat and measure the stitches and rows per inch using your tape measure. Compare the measurements to the gauge specified in your pattern. If your gauge does not match, adjust your needle size accordingly. Keep in mind that larger needles produce fewer stitches per inch, while smaller needles produce more stitches per inch.

How To Knit A Waterfall Cardigan?

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Casting On

After completing the gauge swatch, it’s time to cast on and begin knitting the body of your waterfall cardigan. Two commonly used casting-on methods for cardigans are the long tail cast on and the provisional cast on.

Long tail cast on method

The long tail cast on is a versatile method that creates a neat and flexible edge. To use this method, estimate the length of yarn required for the cast on by allowing one inch per stitch. Make a slipknot and place it on one needle, leaving a long tail. Hold the needle with the slipknot in your right hand and the other needle in your left hand. With both needles pinched together, form a loop with the working yarn and slide it onto the left needle. Repeat this process, forming loops for the desired number of stitches.

Provisional cast on method

The provisional cast on is suitable when you want to have a seamless or reversible edge. This method allows you to easily pick up stitches later and work from either side if desired. Follow the instructions provided in your pattern or consult a tutorial specific to the provisional cast on method you prefer.

Knitting the Body

Once you have successfully cast on, it’s time to begin knitting the body of your waterfall cardigan. The body typically consists of the back panel, the two front panels, and shaping the neck.

Back panel

Start by knitting the back panel of your cardigan according to the pattern. This section usually involves working in a specific stitch pattern or simply knitting in stockinette stitch. Continue knitting until the back panel reaches the desired length, as indicated in the pattern.

Front panels

After completing the back panel, move on to the front panels. The front panels are typically knit separately and mirror each other. Follow the pattern instructions carefully to shape the front panels and work any specific stitch patterns or increases/decreases required.

Shaping the neck

In the front panels, you will encounter instructions for shaping the neck. This step involves decreasing stitches gradually to create a gentle curve that fits around the neck and shoulders. It is crucial to follow the pattern’s instructions precisely to ensure a balanced and symmetrical neckline.

How To Knit A Waterfall Cardigan?

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Creating the Waterfall Front

The signature feature of a waterfall cardigan is the cascading front edge that drapes beautifully when worn. There are different techniques you can use to create this effect, such as short rows or increasing and decreasing stitches.

Techniques for the waterfall effect

Short rows are one technique used to achieve the waterfall effect. They involve knitting or purling a partial row, turning the work, and not working all the way across. This creates sections with different lengths, resulting in the cascading effect.

Another method involves increasing or decreasing stitches gradually along the front edge of the cardigan. This allows the fabric to naturally fold and drape, creating the waterfall effect when worn.

Increasing and decreasing stitches

To create the waterfall front, you will need to increase or decrease stitches strategically. The pattern you are following should provide specific instructions on where and how to make these stitch adjustments. Pay close attention to the directions and use stitch markers to help you keep track of the stitch pattern.


After completing the body and creating the waterfall front, it’s time to knit the sleeves for your cardigan.

Working the armholes

To work the sleeves, you will need to pick up stitches along the armhole edges of the back and front panels. Start at the underarm and gradually work your way around the armhole, following the pattern instructions. This process may involve increasing or decreasing stitches to shape the sleeve and ensure a comfortable fit.

Picking up stitches

Pick up stitches by inserting your needle into the desired location along the edge of the cardigan and pulling the yarn through to create a new stitch. The number of stitches to be picked up should be specified in the pattern. Use stitch markers to mark any specific sections or increases/decreases required for the sleeves.

Knitting the sleeves

Once you have picked up the necessary stitches, follow the pattern instructions to knit the sleeves. The sleeves can be worked in the round with circular needles, or they can be knit flat with straight or circular needles, depending on your preference and the pattern. Continue knitting until the sleeves reach the desired length as indicated in the pattern.

How To Knit A Waterfall Cardigan?

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The neckband adds a polished and finished look to your waterfall cardigan. It helps reinforce the opening of the cardigan and provides a clean edge.

Picking up stitches

To start the neckband, pick up stitches along the neck opening using circular needles. Insert the needle into the first stitch along the edge and pull the yarn through, creating a new stitch on the needle. Continue picking up stitches according to the pattern instructions, taking care to maintain an even distribution along the neck opening.

Ribbing stitch pattern

The neckband is usually knit in a ribbing stitch pattern, such as 1×1 or 2×2 ribbing. This creates a stretchy and snug edge that sits comfortably against the neck. Follow the pattern instructions to knit the ribbing for the desired length, binding off the stitches when instructed.

Finishing Touches

Once you have completed knitting all the necessary sections of your waterfall cardigan, it’s time for the finishing touches. These last steps will ensure your cardigan looks clean, tidy, and professional.

Seaming the sides

Using the mattress stitch or another suitable seaming method, join the front and back panels together along the sides of the cardigan. This creates secure and invisible seams. Take care to align the stitch patterns and maintain an even tension while seaming.

Weaving in ends

Trim any excess yarn and weave in all loose ends from your knitting with a tapestry needle. This step ensures that your cardigan has a neat and tidy appearance and prevents any yarn ends from unraveling over time.

Blocking the cardigan

Blocking is an essential step to even out stitches, relax the yarn fibers, and shape your cardigan to its intended dimensions. Follow the blocking instructions provided in your pattern, such as wet blocking or steam blocking. This process may involve soaking your cardigan in water, gently squeezing out the excess moisture, and pinning it out on a blocking mat or towel to dry.

Knitting a waterfall cardigan is a rewarding project that allows you to create a beautiful and versatile garment. By carefully selecting the materials, following the pattern instructions, and taking the time to finish each step with care, you will soon have a cozy and stylish cardigan to add to your wardrobe. Happy knitting!

How To Knit A Waterfall Cardigan?

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